Training induces beneficial adaptations in terms of performance, and consequently on physiological, anatomical, neuromuscular, cognitive, psychological and social parameters. These training adaptations can be partially or completely lost according to the length of the period without activity or stimulation and corresponds to the detraining process. In athletes, detraining can occur in different circumstances: between the end of a season and the start of a new pre-season, during an injury or an illness/disease, during an epidemic or pandemic lockdown (e.g., COVID-19), during a period of unemployment and following a professional career or competing at an elite level. This chapter in The Secret Balance of Champions focusses on the potential adverse effect of long-term detraining and provides some advice to limit the detraining effects.
Gregory Dupont & Alan McCall